What Are Cookies?
Cookies are text files that a web server generates and sends to a web browser to track a specific user, store identifying information, and personalize website experiences.
There are two main types of cookies:
- Essential Cookies: Required for the website to function properly. For example, cookies that store a user’s shopping cart or login information.
There are four types of computer cookies that are used to track, collect, and store data that companies request:
- Session Cookies: These are temporary cookies that log your online activities and expire as you close out of a web page. Otherwise, your browsing history would always be blank, making the use of some websites (e.g. ecommerce) frustrating.
- First-Party Cookies: Also known as Persistent Cookies. These cookies track your online preferences and personalization settings for specific websites. Examples include login information, language selections, menu preferences, internal bookmarks, etc.
- Third-Party Cookies: Also known as Tracking Cookies. These cookies collect data based on your online behavior, interests, location, age, and search trends and are passed on or sold to advertisers by the website that created the cookie to generate custom advertisements.
Visit the SEO Glossary
Go to the SEO Glossary to find more terms and definitions that relate to the field of search engine optimization.
The Editorial Staff at SEO Chatter is a team of search engine optimization and digital marketing experts led by Stephen Hockman with more than 15 years of experience in search engine marketing. We publish guides on the fundamentals of SEO for beginner marketers.